WHAT ARE WE TRYING TO SOLVE ?
The number of human beings on the planet has almost doubled in the past 50 Years ‒ and so has the global food production. Consequently, the use of pesticides and other chemicals on the crops has increased to balance and satisfy the human population growth rate. This increase in human population is now showing adverse effects on animals, plants and the climate. Laboratory studies have shown that pesticides can harm organisms which they were not meant to affect. Intensive farming is also linked to collapsing populations of wild animals and the endangerment of species such as amphibians. In terms of climate change, temperature increase and changes in precipitation patterns are because of the pest and pathogen infection determinants. Over 98% of sprayed insecticides and 95% of herbicides reach a destination other than their target species, because they are sprayed or spread across entire agricultural fields. Water stream can carry pesticides into aquatic environments while wind can carry them to other fields, grazing areas, human settlements and undeveloped areas, potentially affecting other species. And polluting air leading to the direct climatic changes. Climate change will reduce environmental concentrations of pesticides due to a combination of increased volatilization and accelerated degradation, both strongly affected by a high moisture content, elevated temperatures and direct exposure to sunlight.